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Table 1 Characteristics of the surveyed patients

From: Emotional status and fear in patients scheduled for elective surgery during COVID-19 pandemic: a nationwide cross-sectional survey (COVID-SURGERY)

Questionnaires, n 2376
Age (years), mean ± sd 58.02 ± 16.61
Sex, n (%)  
 Male 1177 (49.56)
 Female 1198 (50.44)
Education, n (%)  
 Primary school 858 (36.13)
 Junior high school 480 (20.21)
 Senior high school 337 (14.19)
 Academic 700 (29.47)
Job description, n (%)  
 Manager 49 (2.06)
 Employee 432 (18.19)
 Health worker 79 (3.33)
 Self-employed 284 (11.96)
 Worker 180 (7.58)
 Homemaker 170 (7.16)
 Student 33 (1.39)
 Other 46 (1.94)
 Unemployed 295 (12.42)
 Retired 807 (33.98)
Spouse/partner, n (%)  
 Yes 1895 (79.86)
 No 478 (20.14)
Number of children, n (%)  
No children 517 (21.79)
 1 498 (20.99)
 2 909 (38.31)
 3 326 (13.74)
 > 3 123 (5.18)
Age of youngest child, n (%°)  
 < 2 42 (2.26)
 2–10 218 (11.75)
 10–18 211 (11.37)
 18–30 430 (23.18)
 > 30 954 (51.43)
Cohabiting with chronic disease, n (%)  
 Yes 357 (15.03)
 No 2018 (84.97)
Affected by a chronic disease, n (%)  
Yes 1290 (54.32)
 Cardiovascular 754 (58.45)
 Pulmonary 217 (16.82)
 Metabolic 464 (35.97)
 Oncological 210 (16.28)
 Immunological 116 (8.99)
 Other 141 (10.93)
No 1085 (45.68)
Use of sleep-inducing drugs, n (%)  
 No 2011 (84.75)
 Yes, for years 191 (8.05)
 Yes, for month 124 (5.23)
 Yes, for weeks 47 (1.98)
Recurrent use of alcoholic beverages (6 months), n (%)  
 Yes 139 (5.86)
 No 2235 (94.14)
Recurrent drug abuse (6 months), n (%)  
 Yes 27 (1.14)
 No 2347 (98.86)
Isolation due to contact with COVID-19 patient, n (%)  
 Yes 269 (11.33)
 No 2106 (88.67)
Previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, n (%)  
 Yes 158 (6.65)
 No 2217 (93.35)
Family member with SARS-CoV-2 infection, n (%)  
 Yes 409 (17.23)
 No 1965 (82.77)
Other surgery in the past, n (%)  
 Yes 1845 (77.72)
 No 529 (22.28)
Previous surgery affects the current emotional status, n (%^)  
 No 1024 (55.65)
 Slightly 460 (25.00)
 Moderately 284 (15.43)
 Extremely 72 (3.91)
Type of surgery, n (%)  
 Abdominal 478 (20.15)
 Breast 162 (6.83)
 Caesarean section 36 (1.52)
 Cardiac/thoracic 240 (10.12)
 Gynaecological 217 (9.15)
 Neurological 58 (2.45)
 Orthopaedic 175 (7.38)
 Otolaryngology 181 (7.63)
 Plastic 74 (3.12)
 Urological 380 (16.02)
 Vascular 170 (7.17)
 Other 201 (8.47)
Type of anaesthesia, n (%)  
 General 1519 (64.15)
 Regional 615 (25.97)
 Sedation 234 (9.88)
Type of patient, n (%)  
 Outpatient 1265 (53.38)
 Inpatient 1105 (46.62)
  1. For all the questions, missing data were < 0.5%
  2. °Percentage was calculated excluding 517 questionnaires reported “No child”
  3. §Percentage was calculated excluding 1085 questionnaires reported “No chronic diseases”
  4. ^Percentage was calculated excluding 529 questionnaires reported “No surgery in the past”